Gum disease also referred to periodontal disease, can range from gingivitis, which is the first stage where the gums are inflamed, to advanced periodontist where severe bone loss has occurred. Until it is in the extreme stages where infection exists and severe damage is being done, periodontal disease does not have any symptoms. While not everyone gets gum disease, certain risk factors can elevate the probability:
•Poor Oral Hygiene – Plaque is constantly being created in mouth, if plaque is not removed by brushing and flossing, it develops into tartar (also known as calculus), which can only be removed by professional dental using special tools.
•Diet High On Sugar Intake – Bacteria that are constantly available in the mouth, when combined with sugar, create an acid that attacks the enamel of the teeth and causes gum disease.
How to Get Rid of the Gum Disease?
With risk factors, periodontal disease does not have to cause havoc. By practicing good daily oral hygiene habits and making regular visits to the dentist for checkups and professional cleanings, gum disease can be prevented or treated. First of all, periodontal disease can typically be prevented by doing the following:
•Eating a well-balanced diet that is low in sugar
•Brushing at least twice a day or after every meal
•Flossing at least once a day (preferably before bedtime)
•Refraining from using tobacco products
•Visiting the dentist on a routine basis
Treatment Methods for Periodontal Disease
In those cases where a patient does get periodontal disease, after a thorough periodontal examination, a dentist will be able to determine which of the treatment options is the best choice for the patient. These are the methods that are most often used to correct gum disease:
•Scaling and Root Planing – This is deep cleaning method where a dental professional uses special tools to clean bacteria and tartar from below and above gum line. To clean and smooth out tooth root surfaces.
•Laser Treatments – These treatments are sometimes used to close up any pockets and remove infected tissue.
•Pocket Reduction Surgery – When inflamed areas or pockets’ are present, the dentist may perform a gentle surgery where a flap’ on the gums is lifted back so that diseased tissue can be removed and the bones and gums can be repositioned if necessary to support the tooth.
•Grafting – If either bone or tissue have been lost because of the disease, the dentist may suggest grafting which can either replace lost bone or tissue or encourage new growth of either or both.
Periodontal disease is preventable. But in those cases where it does take hold, dental technology provides a myriad of treatments to bring the teeth, gums, and jawbone back to full health. One alternative way to check your dental issues is by having a Dental CT Scan to avoid oral problems. You can find the best clinics that uses dental CT scan in Australia by clicking on the link.